What is a macchiato? Great question!
Keep reading to learn everything you need to know.
What is a Macchiato?
A macchiato is sometimes known as an espresso macchiato or a caffè macchiato. In the most basic terms, it is an espresso with a dash of milk. The name macchiato comes from Italian, and it means marked, stained, or spotted. This description relates to the milk’s mark when you add it to the dark, rich espresso.
The quantity of milk is just enough to lighten the color of the coffee and pierce the smooth, black surface.
A macchiato is primarily made from espresso. However, it offers an alternative to the classic espresso for those who want a robust flavor hit with a touch of creaminess provided by the spot of milk. Most countries have adopted the Italian name, but if you’re looking for a macchiato in Portugal, you may need to order ‘cafe pingado,’ which translates as ‘coffee with a drop’ (the splash of milk).
If you search for the term macchiato, you may come across a series of options, including caffè macchiato, espresso macchiato, and latte macchiato (read what is a latte to learn more about this drink). Caffè macchiato and espresso macchiato are the traditional versions, containing a shot of espresso teamed with a spot of lightly frothed milk. A latte macchiato is a blend of the macchiato and the much-loved milky latte. With a caffè macchiato, the milk stains the dark espresso. With a latte macchiato, the espresso shot stains the pure white milk.
The History of the Macchiato
They say macchiato was born out of a desire to show the difference between classic espresso and a coffee with milk. Baristas wanted to signal to the waiting staff which coffee was which would use a spot of milk to distinguish the espresso from the coffee that contained milk. The name macchiato is derived from the Italian word for stained or marked. The color changes when you add a splash of milk to an espresso, and the ideally smooth surface ripples, so this name seems perfect.
Over the years, the traditional macchiato has evolved thanks to coffee shops and chains trying to spice up their menus and diversify their product range. The traditional macchiato contains espresso with a splash of milk, but it’s also possible to order a latte macchiato, which includes a much larger quantity of hot milk. In addition, flavored syrups, such as caramel, can be added to the latte macchiato. This may float your boat, or it may make you recoil in horror, depending on whether you’re a coffee purist or not.
How is a Macchiato Made?
Any coffee lover should pay attention to detail when it comes to making the coffee of their choice. The key to a perfect macchiato lies in getting the quantities right. As the name suggests, this coffee should contain just a splash of milk added to pure espresso. If too much milk is added, you may end up with something more reminiscent of a latte or a cappuccino.
The aim is to preserve the bold flavor of the espresso while adding a very delicate, subtle touch of sweetness with a spot of milk. Typically, a single shot of espresso is poured into a demitasse (a small espresso cup), and then a splash of hot milk is added. Some coffee shops will add a fine layer of foam, but many will use microfoam, which has been very carefully created.
Making a Macchiato at Home
If you’re a fan of a macchiato in the morning, the good news is that this is a relatively simple formula to get right. The first skill to perfect is making the perfect espresso. Many people have coffee machines at home, but you don’t have to have new-fangled fancy gadgets to create a coffee to rival the ones you usually grab on your commute. Those with more traditional views would probably recommend more conventional techniques. One of the most popular methods of making espresso is using a Moka pot (read how to use a Moka pot to learn more).
If you go to Italy, it won’t take long for you to spot these tiny silver kettle-like appliances in the kitchens of cafes and residential properties. The Moka pot is a staple for coffee makers, and it is famed for producing smooth coffee, which hits the spot in terms of flavor.
1. To use a Moka pot to create your morning macchiato, all you need is coffee beans, a grinder, and a spoon. If you’re desperate to get it right, you may also benefit from using a scale to weigh the beans.
2. Once beans have been ground, they are added to the Moka pot with water on the stove.
3. Once the espresso is ready, you can move on to the next stage of macchiato production. This involves preparing and adding the milk. If you order a macchiato in a high street coffee chain, you may be greeted with a frothy top, stenciled patterns in the foam, and coffee-flavored with sweet syrup. This is not a traditional macchiato, and if you make coffee at home, you’re looking for an excellent layer of foam or frothed milk. Also, the name macchiato means spotted or marked coffee, so you don’t want a chunky, heavy white layer.
4. Add volume to the milk gently using a frother, then pour the milk into the espresso.
Many people choose to drink a macchiato from a demitasse or espresso cup, but serving coffee in glasses has become more prevalent in recent years. In this case, a small glass should be used.
Who is a Macchiato Best for?
If you look at a coffee menu in this day and age, the sheer number of options and melange of names can scramble your mind and confuse your taste buds. If you don’t already know which type of coffee you like, it’s worth trying new flavors to broaden your horizons, but it can be helpful to have some idea of what you’re letting yourself in for.
AA macchiato is often mentioned in the same sentence as an espresso and a cappuccino, two of the most popular and well-known coffee orders. The macchiato is essentially an espresso with a spot of milk. The milk creates a different flavor complex to the espresso, but the small quantity means that the coffee tastes very different from the cappuccino. In Italy, it’s traditional to start the day with a hit of strong coffee.
Italians are also averse to ordering anything that contains even a hint of cream after midday. This includes a macchiato, cappuccino, or latte. If you fancy a macchiato and visit Italy, it’s worth bearing this in mind. A macchiato will go down a treat provided that you’re ordering before noon. A macchiato is an ideal choice for those who don’t want the full force of acidic, rich espresso or the indulgent sweetness and creaminess of a cappuccino or a latte.
On a scale, the macchiato lies between the two, offering the best of both worlds. The flavor is smooth and intense, but that drop of milk takes the edge off. If you enjoy a strong coffee in the morning but don’t fancy a straight-up espresso, this could be the coffee for you.
If you take a trip to a trendy coffee shop in this day and age, you may find yourself faced with a list of flavor options. Traditionally, a macchiato contains just espresso and hot milk. However, flavored syrups are an addition that has gathered pace in the last few years as baristas look to jazz up traditional products and offer an alternative to the classics.
Whether or not you choose to try new things is entirely up to you, but it’s worth remembering that a classic macchiato would not contain any notes of caramel or cinnamon, for example.
Where is the macchiato most popular?
The macchiato originated in Italy, but it is now widely available. You can order a macchiato pretty much anywhere in the world, thanks to the growth of coffee shop chains and the increased popularity of coffee. Essentially, a macchiato is an espresso with a splash of milk, but you may come across multiple versions of this coffee, depending on where you are and what you order.
The traditional macchiato remains a staple of Italian culture, and most people tend to drink it in the mornings. It has also become a popular option for coffee fans in other Mediterranean countries, the UK, and the US. While many favor the traditional macchiato, plenty of people are much more familiar with newer, more exotic versions, such as latte macchiatos and caramel macchiatos. This tends to be the case where coffee shop chains are popular.
You’re more likely to see somebody sipping on a coffee with a hefty layer of foam and colored syrup in the UK or the US than on the streets of Rome or Venice.
The macchiato is very similar to the cortado served in Spain and other Hispanic nations, including Mexico. The Spanish name is based on the fact that milk cuts through the espresso. There’s one major difference between the cortado and the macchiato, which lies in the milk’s preparation. In Spain, the milk isn’t textured like in Italy, so you get a gentle splash of milk rather than a microfoam layer.
Although Italy is famed for its devotion to coffee drinking, the macchiato has also become part of daily life in Kosovo, where it’s widespread to reach for an espresso cup shortly after the morning alarm goes off.
In Australia, it’s commonplace to order a long macchiato. Typically, this contains a double shot of espresso, and a slightly more heavy-handed dash of milk served in a tall glass.
Tips for Ordering a Macchiato
If you’re a coffee fan and know what you want, make sure you maximize your chances of satisfaction by placing the proper order. Modern coffee shops and restaurants can be a minefield for ordering due to the sheer scale of available options. If you’re a conservative coffee drinker, and you want a macchiato that resembles those doled out in the bustling cafes of Florence or Milan, order a caffè macchiato or an espresso macchiato.
If you’re not opposed to being experimental, or you fancy something a little sweeter than the standard macchiato, order a specific flavor or go for a latte macchiato. You can also modify your order to take allergies or intolerances into account and add extra power with an additional shot if you feel like it could be one of those days. It’s not uncommon to order a double shot in the US and Australia, although this is not the norm in Italy.
You don’t have to be a coffee lover to realize that there are many different types of coffee available out there.
If you’re not familiar with the magical macchiato yet, hopefully, this guide has given you an insight into how the macchiato came about, how to make it at home, and what you need to order to make sure your taste buds are wholly satisfied.